Faktor Risiko Kejadian Diare Pada Balita Di Slam Area Kota Padang

  • Radian Ilmaskal STIKes Alifah Padang
  • Linda Wati STIKes Alifah Padang
Keywords: children under-five, diarrhea, Slum area, Kota Padang


Background: Diarrhea is a disease with the second highest prevalence in children under five globally. Diarrhea can cause malnutrition until death in children. The incidence of diarrhea is still very high in West Sumatra Province, ranking the 7th highest nationally about 12.9%. Many are found in the Slum area, Padang City. Research objective: To determine the risk factors associated with diarrhea in children under five in the Slum area, Padang City. Methods: This study used an observational study with a case control study design. The research sample was mothers who had children under five who suffered from diarrhea and controls were mothers who had children under five who did not suffer from diarrhea. The number of samples were 280 respondents. Data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate. Results: More than half (60.7%) of children under five experienced diarrheas in the Slum area of ​​Padang City. Mother's level of knowledge, habit of washing hands with soap, availability of healthy latrines and nutritional status were risk factors for diarrhea in children under five. The dominant variable influencing the incidence of diarrhea in children under five is the mother's level of knowledge OR 2.82; (95% CI 1.72-4.63); p = 0.000 and nutritional status OR 1.85; (95% CI 1.015-3.370); p = 0.045. Conclusion: Mothers who have a low level of knowledge were at risk of getting diarrhea three times greater than mothers who have a good level of knowledge. Children under-fives with poor nutritional status was two times greater than those with good nutritional status. It is recommended to the health office and stakeholders regarding the need for interventions that focus on increasing nutrition promotion, maternal knowledge, and the availability of healthy latrines.


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How to Cite
Ilmaskal, R., & Wati, L. (2022). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Diare Pada Balita Di Slam Area Kota Padang. IAKMI Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia, 3(2), 85-90. https://doi.org/10.46366/ijkmi.3.2.85-90