A Correlation of Stress and Mobile Phone use Patterns Against Adolescents’ Sleep Quality During the Covid-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the entire aspect of people’s life into a condition that is susceptible to stress due to lack of activities and excessive mobile phone use. This can decline the sleep quality that will affect the immune system. One of the populations vulnerable to experiencing this problem is adolescents. To identify the correlation of mobile phone use patterns and stress levels against adolescents’ sleep quality during the COVID-19 pandemic. The population in this study was the students of Universitas Muhammadiyah Gresik aged 17 years old having a smartphone, using a smartphone of >2 years, and having access to the Internet. The data were collected online starting from May to June 2020 with total respondents of 101 people. The data were collected online through an online questionnaire. The analysis was done using Multiple Linear Regression Analysis. The analysis result showed that adolescents’ sleep quality was affected by the mobile phone use pattern, stress level, and sleep pattern. The mobile phone use patterns that were correlated with adolescents’ sleep quality during the COVID-19 pandemic included the highest frequency of mobile phone access time and phone addiction. The sleep pattern affecting sleep quality was sleep disorder and adolescents’ sleep duration, including their current stress level. Poor sleep quality can lower the adolescents’ immune system and it will affect their immunity to prevent COVID-19 exposure. The adolescents’ sleep quality is affected by many factors, for example, stress level and phone addiction resulting in a high level of mobile phone use in adolescents. Several efforts need to be performed to improve adolescents’ sleep quality, for instance, by conducting counseling and improving stress management in adolescents.
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